Okinawa: A Blend of Culture and History

Okinawa mapImage Science and Analysis Laboratory, NASA 

Okinawa Prefecture is the southernmost prefecture of Japan and encompasses two thirds of the Ryukyu Islands - a island chain over 1,000km long. With a culture uniquely its own, these tropical islands have been strongly influenced through trade with China, Japan, Korea and other Southeast Asian countries. 

Ryukyu Kingdom Era

The Ryukyu Kingdom entered into the Imperial Chinese tributary system under the Ming dynasty beginning in the 15th century, which established economic relations between the two nations. It then became a vassal state of Japan after the Invasion of Ryukyu in 1609 and was later dissolved to form Okinawa Prefecture in 1879.


Ryukyu Kingdom
Travel Okinawa

Cultural Influences

Okinawan culture bears traces of its various trading partners. One can find Chinese, Taiwanese, Japanese and Southeast Asian influences in the island's customs. An example of which is the local alcohol drink known as awamori—an Okinawan distilled spirit made from indica rice imported from Thailand. 


Okinawa pottery 

Another cultural influence it the sanshin - a three-stringed Okinawan instrument, closely related to the Chinese sanxian, and ancestor of the Japanese shamisen, somewhat similar to a banjo.


Okinawan instrument SanshinOkinawa Island Guide

Okinawan culture also features the eisa dance, a traditional drumming dance performed by young people during the Bon festival, to honor the spirits of one's ancestors. The traditional drums are crafted in workshops throughout the islands.


Okinawa Eisa dance


Originally living in thatching houses, Okinawan townsmen developed architecture modeled after Japanese, Chinese and Korean structures. Houses were dug intro the red earth and surrounded by limestone walls. A common feature of Okinawan architecture are their baked, red roof tiles. 


Thatched roof of Okinawa house
Cliff Williamson


Okinawa is home to some of the longest living people on earth and they put a lot of importance on respecting one’s elders. Caring for one's ancestors and family is very engrained in Okinawan culture. The Okinawan's longevity is also credited to their diet which mainly consisted of the purple Okinawan sweet potato, along with other local island ingredients. 


Okinawa dietTravel Okinawa


Suzan Adem Japanese BloggerAbout the author: Hello, my name is Suzan, 20 years old student in Sofia University, Bulgaria. My major is Japan, so as can you guess I’m now studying about their rich and beautiful culture and language as well. That is why I find great pleasure doing these articles as it gives me the opportunity to expand my knowledge and it’s easy doing something you love.


1 Response



August 18, 2021

Hello Suzan!

I was looking at the Okinawan Architecture facebook page and notice some areas that could be updated. Then I stumbled across your post here. Would you be able to provide me for any citations about Korean influence on architecture there?

Warm regards,


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